In Agra, India, the capital of the Mughal Empire, a tourist attraction is Taj Mahal, which is probably the most photographed building in the world.
As a sign of his great love of Shah Jahan, the Taj was in the 17th Century as a mausoleum for his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal built, which at the birth of her 14th Child had died. More than 20,000 artisans and various architects worked 17 years at this masterpiece of Indo-Islamic architecture in white marble and inlaid with many precious and semiprecious stones. Because of the perfect harmony of its proportions, it is considered one of the most beautiful and important examples of the Mughal style in Islamic architecture.
On the opposite bank of the Yamuna River, a few kilometers away from the Taj, Agra is the second attraction: the Red Fort, a fortress and palace complex of about the same historical period. Akbar the Great, who preferred the red sandstone from Rajasthan, moved 1565 with the construction of the Red Fort, the capital from Delhi to Agra. His successor, Shah Jahan, the fortress in the first half of the 17th Century expanded. He was fond of white marble with ornaments made of glass and semi-precious stones, and gave his new palace buildings inside the forts their magical touch.
Both buildings, the Taj and Red Fort are inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage list.